We contacted providers and staff directly via regular and electronic mail, telephone, and through presentations. We also analyzed data on those screened by HIV status, strata of socioeconomic status SES , and age group in order to assess what outreach venues and approaches might be best for reaching Black MSMW within these specific sub-groups.
These participants based their opinions of condom use among younger African Americans through their experiences with their own children. A few researchers have implemented ethnographic mapping techniques in order to conduct targeted sampling in social and sexual spaces where MSMW congregate [ 37 , 38 ]. Because of the inconsistency of the findings in previous research, we did not hypothesize the direction of this relationship.
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Despite these efforts, recruiting specific subgroups such as minorities from large metropolitan areas remains challenging [ 12 ]. Four interviewers were trained to receive consent and to help participants begin the CASI.
African American men on the down low are at a higher than average rate of HIV infection. The packets left in the barbershops did not include lubricant packets, as experienced staff members indicated that the presence of lubricant may generate homophobic discourse among customers. So I put myself at risk [to get drugs].
A recruitment goal of at least 8 new enrollees per month was established early in the study.
Some other recruitment sites provided services unrelated to HIV, health, or sexual orientation e.